Mould is a type of fungus that grows in damp and humid environments. It reproduces by producing tiny spores that are carried through the air and can land on any surface. When the conditions are right, these spores can germinate and grow into new mould colonies.
The ideal conditions for mould growth include a source of moisture, organic matter to feed on, and warm temperatures. Common sources of moisture in homes can include leaky pipes, water damage, high humidity, and condensation on surfaces. Organic matter that can provide food for mould can include wood, paper, fabric, and other natural materials.
When mould spores land on a damp surface, they begin to grow into thread-like structures called hyphae. These hyphae then spread across the surface, producing a visible network of mould growth called mycelium. As the mycelium grows, it produces more spores that can be released into the air and potentially spread to other areas of the home.
Mould growth can occur in a variety of areas in the home, including bathrooms, kitchens, basements, and crawl spaces. It can also grow on surfaces such as walls, windows frames, ceilings, floors, carpets, and furniture.
To prevent mould growth, it is important to control moisture levels in the home, promptly address any water leaks or spills, and ensure proper ventilation in areas prone to moisture. If mould is already present, it should be promptly and professionally removed.